Come See Toytles: Leaf Raking and Continent Race at 60 FPS Fest

GBGames will have a table at 60 FPS, “a festival for videogames, boardgames, and illustration” taking place tonight from 5:00pm – 9:00pm at Mainframe Studios, located at 900 Keosauqua Way, Des Moines, IA.

There are three floors to explore with over 70 studios full of talented artists and arts non-profits, a nacho bar, a photo giveaway, arcade games, board games, virtual reality, and more.

I will be showing off two games.

Toytles: Leaf Raking

One is my own leaf-raking business simulation game Toytles: Leaf Raking, which puts you in the role of a budding entrepreneur looking to earn enough money to buy yourself the Ultimate Item(tm)! It’s a game designed to teach responsibility and strategic thinking, currently available for Android and soon for iPhones and iPads.

The other is a game I’ve been working on for two and a half years for Byron’s Games called Continent Race: World Puzzle. It’s a geography game in which you locate and place countries on a world map, earning stars along the way. It will be available for Android, iPhones, and iPads soon.

The story of Byron’s Games is incredible and inspirational, and I’m fortunate and honored to be part of their efforts to help other kids. An extended hospital stay and a passion for geography gave Byron the inspiration to help other kids learn and have fun — at the same time! Bryon’s Games also has a Continent Race board game which I’ll also have at the table. You can get the Continent Race board game and know that a portion of Byron’s Games profits benefit select children’s charities.

So if you’re in Des Moines, come see me at the Fest! I’d love to talk with you!

Fixed SDL2 Android App Issue When Suspending and Resuming

Months ago, I needed to update the SDL2 libraries I was using in order to gain access to a new piece of functionality in SDL2 that lets me load SVG vector graphic file and create textures out of them. But then I found a problem was introduced. The app would hang whenever I would leave it to look at a different app. I posted about it on the libSDL Discourse site, but I did not receive a response. I finally had a chance to investigate this issue and I think I have solved it.

When an SDL2-based Android app needs to suspend and resume, there are events that need to be handled immediately, before your main event loop: SDL_APP_WILLENTERBACKGROUND and SDL_APP_DIDENTERFOREGROUND.

So you create an event filter, register it with SDL_SetEventFilter(), and it is here that you need to handle things like music. If your app enters the background, but music is still playing, the app will crash. So, in your event filter, you would have code that looks something like the following:

int EventHandler::eventFilter(void * userData, SDL_Event * event)
    int whatToDoWithThisEvent(ADD_TO_QUEUE);

    IHardwareLayer * hardwareLayer = static_cast<IHardwareLayer *>(userData);
    if (hardwareLayer != 0) 
                    whatToDoWithThisEvent = DO_NOT_ADD_TO_QUEUE;

                    whatToDoWithThisEvent = DO_NOT_ADD_TO_QUEUE;

    return whatToDoWithThisEvent;

In my case, I have a wrapper around SDL that I call IHardwareLayer, and it will delegate the calls to SDL as well as do some other useful things.

The above code worked fine. Before I added this event filtering, my music-playing Android app would become unresponsive whenever the app would get suspended. With SDL2 and SDL2_mixer, the music plays on a separate thread, but most of the time you don’t need to know about it. In this case, however, you need to stop the music before your app gets suspended in order to prevent it from trying to play music in a bad state.

Ok, great! But then I updated my libraries in order to handle the ability to load SVGs, and the above code started failing. Except suspending worked just fine. It was the resume functionality that was broken now. How bizarre!

So the symptom is that when the app is suspended, everything is fine, but bringing the app back to the foreground would cause it to become unresponsive.

By adding logs and using adb logcat, I could trace the code all the way until it called Mix_ResumeMusic(), and it never returned from the call. What gives?

After trying a number of different approaches, including updating SDL2_mixer to the latest release, I finally tried to resume the music in the main event loop.
I presume the issue has to do with threading, as I learned I couldn’t call functions that would let me query the pause state of the music in the event filter without the app becoming unresponsive.

The way the event filter works, it gets called before your main event loop, giving you a chance to handle an event beforehand. You can, of course, ignore an event, and in my code above, the default return value ADD_TO_QUEUE is an int that has a value of 1, which has the effect of allowing the event to get handled later in my main event loop when I call SDL_PollEvent().

So I changed the above code so that it no longer tries to resume music and it no longer returns DO_NOT_ADD_TO_QUEUE (otherwise known as the return value of 0) when the filter receives the event SDL_APP_DIDENTERFOREGROUND. Then I added the following code to my main event loop, which is in my HardwareLayer wrapper class:

SDL_Event event;
while (1 == SDL_PollEvent(&event))
    switch (event.type)


So now I pause the music when handling the SDL_APP_WILLENTERBACKGROUND event in the event filter, and I resume music once my app is up and running the main event loop again. No more crashes or unresponsive app!

I am a bit bothered by the lack of symmetry in terms of how to handle suspending and resuming an app, but software development is often about compromise. B-)

Slides from My Presentation at #dsmAgile: “You Are Not a Code Monkey So Stop Acting Like One!”

The relationship between organizations and IT can be quite dysfunctional, and unfortunately they grew up together thinking poor results and demoralizing interactions are perfectly normal.

Developers tend to learn they have no control over their situation, which is unfortunate because they have so much more to offer an organization than merely following orders and writing code to a specification. Some internalize their status of “code monkey” and even take pride in it.

Organizations want efficiency, but then behave in ways that discourage developers from helping them actually become more efficient, and developers behave in ways that give organizations no reason to even think to ask developers for their input.

At dsmAgile 2018, my presentation “You Are Not a Code Monkey So Stop Acting Like One!” seemed well-received, and I had a number of people come up to me afterward to ask if I had been in their organization recently.

You can download the slides here:

Based on conversation I had at the conference, I think I should have focused a bit more on hope for the future and less on itemizing the symptoms and illustrating the problem. My goal was to ask developers and organizations to step up and treat each other as partners, and not to provide ammo for a gripe session. Next time…

What are your thoughts? Do you feel your organization treats you as a partner or as a code monkey?

Come See Me Speak at dsmAgile on September 28th

dsmAgile is a one day Agile conference in Des Moines, Iowa, and I’ll be presenting at it this year.

On Friday, September 28, 2018 from 8:30 AM to 4:30 PM, you can discuss, discover, and learn more about Agile software development from people who have been practicing and living it. And it only costs $100, a great deal.

My presentation is called “You’re Not a Code Monkey, So Stop Acting Like One!” You can read more about in the dsmAgile session descriptions, but the main idea is that software developers can and should do more than write code.

You are responsible for not only creating value through technology but also for maintaining that capability, and you don’t get to pretend that “they won’t let me” is a valid excuse.

Merely slinging code is not enough. You are not a code monkey following orders. You are a first-class citizen in the organization, more than capable of driving value as well as delivering it. Let’s discuss how you (and your organization) can start acting like it.

I have enjoyed attending dsmAgile in the last few years, and I look forward to being part it. Will I see you there?

A Goodbye to Diego, My Favorite Pair Partner

At 2:44am, I watched my cat Diego take his final breath. He was about 15 years old, and I knew him for 12 of those years.


12 years ago, I was living in Chicago and visiting friends in Iowa, and I learned that their neighbor’s daughter was getting married to someone who was deathly allergic to her cats. She was looking for a new home for them, and since I happened to be interested in getting a couple of cats at the time, I took in Diego and his sister Gizmo when they were three years old.

I was told that he was named Diego because he looked like Diego from the movie Ice Age.

Gizmo and Diego

I quickly learned that Diego was a greeter. While his sister hid until she was sure the new people were safe, Diego was always interested in finding out who the new guests were right away.


I remember when I was working at a company that made slot machines, and I was in crunch. So, I would leave early, come back late, and I would feel dead inside. I would plop myself onto the couch or a chair, and soon the cats would drape themselves across me. Diego would especially love to curl up with me. Napping together was great.

Me and Diego
Diego and Me
Diego cuddle time
Diego and Me

Even when I was not involved in crunch, whenever I came home, Diego would get up from whatever he was doing, meow frantically, and come see me. I would often pick him up and carry him, and he sometimes put his front paws around me like he was a child being carried by a parent.

I would whistle a certain way, and he often meowed in response, and every so often he would come to me, which was a neat party trick, except he never seemed to want to do it at parties or when other people were present.

Diego is hamming it up

Diego and his sister have been with me through five moves, two states, multiple Ludum Dare competitions, three jobs, and a few relationships. He has been my constant companion for almost a third of my life.

I don’t remember exactly when I realized he was growing old, but it was within the last few years. I might have been tossing him one of his toys and noticing that he was less interested in chasing it. He moved a little slower. But he was still playful, and he was fairly healthy throughout his life. I had to take him to the vet once to get some of his teeth pulled because they were not healthy, but he was fine.

I felt, however, I was on notice, and I realized that one day he might not be around anymore.

In the past couple of months, Gizmo had high blood glucose levels, and so she was on insulin to see if it would help. I changed their diet from dry food to wet food, as I read it can help with reversing diabetes. Gizmo’s levels dropped to the point that she no longer needed insulin, and she eventually bounced back to her old self.

Unfortunately, since I was so focused on Gizmo’s health and her eating habits, I didn’t notice when Diego stopped eating and drinking. They both lost weight, but I chalked it up to a better diet (they were both a bit on the heavy side), but at one point I realized that Diego felt a lot bonier than I could remember. I started to find him hanging out in strange areas, such as the upstairs bathroom, which is never a good sign in cats.

Last week we took him to a vet, and we made an appointment for an ultrasound for this coming Monday, but Diego’s health rapidly declined. It was very quick how he went from seeming perfectly fine to being on his death bed. I checked up on him throughout the day yesterday, but he got so weak that he could barely hold himself up.

My wife and I took shifts to stay with him last night, and when it was my turn, I found he was breathing very shallow breaths. He yowled a bit, and I had no idea if he could see me. I sang to him, talked to him, and pet him. I noticed his paw twitching, and every so often he would take a very large breath, stop breathing for a moment, then pick back up with the shallow breaths. It was awful.

At one point, I saw him stretch his paw out in front of him, which was a lot more movement than I had seen in a long while. A few moments later, he reared his head back, let out a deep groan of a sigh, and he was gone.

I am devastated. I don’t know why his health suddenly got so bad, and I hate that I didn’t see it earlier. I wish he didn’t have to go through as much suffering in his final moments as he did.

Diego, I love you. I will miss the way you climbed onto me whenever I was sitting or lying down. I will miss scratching you under your chin and seeing you close your eyes in contentment. I will miss dancing with you. I will miss your hugs. I will miss how you and Gizmo would curl up to sleep together. I will miss how it feels to come home and have you be one of the first to greet me as I walk in the door. I will miss how you would reach up to my face and pull it towards yours, probably to smell my breath or lick my chin.

I miss you.

My Favorite Pair Partner

Twitter: gbgames